Maimunah's Column

Maimunah Aminuddin is a retired Professor from the Faculty of Business Management, University Teknologi MARA (UiTM) with vast experience in the areas of management and human resources. She is a fellow of the Malaysian Institute of Human Resource Management (MIHRM) with expertise in the areas of employment, labour and industrial relations laws. She has authored numerous publications in the aforesaid areas, such as the Essentials of Employment and Industrial Relations (2009) and Termination of Employment - Understanding the Process, which was revised in 2012 and is in its 2nd Edition. Her latest book, the Employment Law Manual for Practitioners, was published in October 2013.

Queries and comments may be sent to the columnist at with the sender’s full name and e-mail address.

Guide to the Employment Act 1955

All employers who employ people to work in Peninsular Malaysia must comply with the Employment Act 1955. This key piece of labour legislation applies mostly to workers earning not more than RM2,000 per month, but also, since the 2012 amendments, includes sections which apply to all employees. The topics in the Guide are offered in alphabetical order and are written in a manner that they can be understood by readers without legal training. Each topic is divided into sub-headings in the form of questions. All sections of the Act are included but with particular emphasis on Absence from Work, Annual Leave, Coverage of Scope of the Act, Foreign Employees, the Labour Court, Maternity Leave, Sexual Harassment and Wages. The relevant section in the Act is listed and examples of court judgements are provided. The Guide also provides a brief overview of the Labour Ordinances of Sabah and Sarawak and the Employment (Part-time Employees) Regulations 2010.

Guide to the Industrial Relations System

The Industrial Relations Act 1967 and the Trade Unions Act 1959, together create the boundaries for the industrial relations system. Employers, employees and trade unions throughout Malaysia are required to comply with these two Acts. The Guide provides topics in alphabetical order which explain and illustrate by case examples the requirements of the two Acts. All sections of the Acts are included, with emphasis on Collective Bargaining, Collective Agreements, Functions of the Department of Industrial Relations, Functions of the Department of Trade Unions, Penalties, Pickets, Recognition of a Trade Union, Role of the Minister of Human Resources, Strikes, Trade Disputes and Trade Unions. Each topic is divided into sub-topics for easy reading.

Practical HR Management

Practical HR Management provides insight into topics such as hiring, firing, privacy, discrimination, sexual harassment and more. It features real scenarios and insightful commentary from leading industry experts and employment law practitioners. Discover techniques you can use to engage your employees in your workforce to drive results for both your organization and your employees. Find answers to your employee problems from practitioners who face the same labour and HR challenges you have every day.

Cases Highlight

AWARD NO. 1452 OF 2018 [CASE NO: 23(13)/4-204/12]
28 JUNE 2018

DISMISSAL: Misconduct – Whether the claimant’s action of filing a windingup petition against the company had constituted serious misconduct which had justified his dismissal – Factors to consider – Impact of the winding-up petition on the company – Whether the company had been justified in dismissing him – Claimant’s duty of fidelity towards the company – Whether by his actions, he had been in breach of it – Factors to consider – Effect of – Whether dismissal without just cause and excuse

INDUSTRIAL COURT: Jurisdiction – Threshold jurisdiction – Whether possessed by the Industrial Court – Factors to consider – Effect of – Whether the claimant by filing the winding-up petition against the company had ceased to be a workman under s. 2 of the Industrial Relations Act 1967 – Effect of – Industrial Relations Act 1967, s. 2

AWARD NO. 1988 TAHUN 2018 [NO. KES: 18/4-1565/16]
20 OGOS 2018

KETERANGAN: Keterangan dokumentari – Sama ada YM merupakan seorang pekerja syarikat responden – Faktor-faktor yang harus diambil kira – Keterangan yang dikemukakan – Kesannya – Sama ada terdapat hubungan majikan-pekerja antara syarikat responden dengan YM – Faktor-faktor yang harus diambil kira – Kesannya – Sama ada YM telah dibuang kerja oleh syarikat responden – Sama ada pembuangan kerjanya telah dilakukan secara adil dan bersebab – Akta Perhubungan Perusahaan 1967, s. 2

KONTRAK PEKERJAAN: Kewujudan – Tiada kontrak perkhidmatan antara YM dengan syarikat responden – Sama ada wujud hubungan majikan-pekerja antara syarikat responden dengan YM – Faktor-faktor yang harus diambil kira – Kesannya – Sama ada kontrak pekerjaan boleh wujud secara tersirat – Akta Perhubungan Perusahaan 1967, s. 2

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Article Highlight

Dismissed pilot should have been offered alternative role, given opportunity to discuss position
A Flybe pilot who lost his job in 2017 after he developed a fear of flying has won an unfair dismissal claim at an employment tribunal. First officer Matthew Guest, who was based in Birmingham, had been flying with the airline for seven years when he began to suffer anxiety after being promoted and switching aircraft type in 2014. An employment judge ruled that Guest should have been offered an alternative role and given the opportunity to discuss his position with senior managers at the regional airline.

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Ex-factory hand loses unfair dismissal claim
A Quennsland sawmill worker sacked for refusing to sign in using a fingerprint scanner has lost an unfair dismissal claim despite his employer’s “disturbing” privacy failures. Factory hand Jeremy Lee took his case to the Fair Work Commission in March after being let go from the Superior Wood mill in Imbil, near Gympie, where he had “not missed a single day at work” in three years. The company introduced the new policy in October 2017, announcing that “all employees must use the biometric scanners to record attendance on site”. Mr Lee objected, saying he regarded his biometric data as “personal and private”.

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Global Media Reports


Joy for Nepalis as Malaysia increases minimum wage of workers to Rs29k
The Kathmandu Post | 07-Sep-2018
Malaysian government’s decision to increase workers’ minimum wage would benefit thousands of Nepalis working in Malaysia. The revised pay entitles a w...

Malaysia August palm oil stocks forecast to rise to six-month high
The Edge Markets MY | 05-Sep-2018
KUALA LUMPUR (Sept 5): Palm oil inventories in Malaysia, the world's second largest producer, are forecast to rise at the end of August for a third mo...


Labour law fight heats up
Frontier Myanmar | 07-Sep-2018
Business groups are furious about a move to introduce jail terms for violations of a labour dispute settlement law, but lawmakers and trade unions say...

Vocus routes traffic across new Singapore cable after SMW-3 outage
Computerworld Australia | 05-Sep-2018
Vocus has begun routing traffic via the new Australia Singapore Cable (ASC) after a major outage on the Sea-Me-We3 (SMW-3) subsea cable system. Lik...


Employment-related cases can be filed within a year | 07-Sep-2018
A reader from Dubai asks: I work in a company under a free zone law. My questions are:...

A positive turn in the labour law
The Daily Star | 05-Sep-2018
The easing of trade union rules is a positive step that indicates the government's intention to improve working conditions of factory workers. The dra...

See all previous Global Media Reports

New! LLB Bulletin #11/2018